Horton Plains, the coldest and windiest location in Sri Lanka consists of ecosystems such as Montane evergreen forests, grasslands, marshy lands and aquatic ecosystem. At an altitude of 2,100 meters above sea level, Horton Plains spreads across over 3,169 hectares of the highest tableland of the island. In view of the large number of endemic flora and fauna species.
Sinharaja Rain Forest is a world heritage site and major eco tourism destination, which can also be described as a Tropical Lowland Rainforest or Tropical Wet Evergreen Forest . Whatever its ‘technical’ name, it is undoubtedly a rich treasure trove of nature with a great diversity of habitats and a vast repository of Sri Lanka’s endemic species found no where else in the world.
Hikkaduwa’s Coral Sanctuary, situated at the north end of town, was established in 1988 to protect the small, shallow area of reef, never more than a few meters deep, which stretches from the beach a couple of hundred meters out to sea.
The island is blessed with 103 rivers and streams radiating from the central hills, rushing down rocky precipices forming a number of roaring waterfalls of Sri Lanka, various shapes and heights, all ending up loosing the momentum at the Indian Ocean.
In the central and southern parts of Sri Lanka there are several Mountains and Peaks that are highly ecological and rich in bio diversity. These mountains are preserved as forests and are the starting points of many rivers. The Sri Pada mountain is Sri Lanka’s holy peak where people make pilgrims to worship foot print of lord Buddha.